top of page



Op dit moment loopt een hoofdlijn van onderzoek:

  • The training and assessment of surgical skills in robot assisted surgery. Promovendus: Alexander Beulens



Reeds gepromoveerd binnen het project TIU zijn:

  • 4 maart 2010, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam: Barbara Schout. Training in Urology: From Virtual to Reality. Cum laude

  • 19 januari 2012, Universiteit Maastricht: Marjolein Persoon. Learning in Urology: The influence of simulators and human factors.

  • 2 mei 2014, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen: Willem Brinkman. Learning laparoscopic and robotica surgery in urology: criterion based training and assessment.

  • 17 september 2014, Universiteit Maastricht: Irene Tjiam. Designing Simulator Based skills training & assessment.

  • 31 mei 2017, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam: Heleen de Vries. Time to test, Development of skills training and assessment tools.



  • 2020 Beulens AJW, Hashish YAF, Brinkman WM, Umari P, Puliatti S, Koldewijn EL, Hendrikx AJM, van Basten JP, van Merriënboer JJG, Van der Poel HG, Bangma CH, Wagner C. Training novice robot surgeons: Proctoring provides same results as simulator-generated guidance. J Robot Surg [Internet]. 2020;

  • 2020 Beulens AJW, Brinkman WM, Koldewijn EL, Hendrikx AJM, van Basten JPA, van Merriënboer JJG, Van der Poel HG, Bangma CH, Wagner C. A Prospective, Observational, Multicentre Study Concerning Nontechnical Skills in Robot-assisted Radical Cystectomy Versus Open Radical Cystectomy. Eur Urol Open Sci. 2020;19:37–44.

  • 2020 A J.W. Beulens, P. Dell’Oglio, H. Kiss, W.M. Brinkman, A. Larcher, A. Mottrie, C. Wagner, H.G. van der Poel, Five Years of the CC-ERUS Fellowship: A Survey of the Experiences and Post-fellowship Work of the Fellows, European Urology Open Science, 2020,

  • 2020 Beulens, A.J.W., Namba, H.F., Brinkman, W.M., Meijer, R.P., Koldewijn, E.L., Hendrikx, A.J.M., Basten, J.P. van, Merriënboer, J.J.G. van, Poel, H.G. van der, Bangma, C., Wagner, C. Analysis of the video motion tracking system “Kinovea” to assess surgical movements during robot‐assisted radical prostatectomy. The International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery: 2020, 11 p.

  • 2019 Beulens, A. J. W., Brinkman, W. M., van der Poel, H. G., Vis, A. N., van Basten, J. P., Meijer, R. P., Wijburg, C. J., Hendrikx, A. J. M., van Merriënboer, J. J. G., Wagner, C.  Linking surgical skills to postoperative outcomes: a Delphi study on the robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.  Journal of Robotic Surgery. 2019 ; 13(5), pp. 675-687.

  • 2019 Beulens, A.J.W., Brinkman, W.M., Porte, P.J., Meijer, R.P., Merriënboer, J.J.G. van, Poel, H.G. van der, Wagner, C. The value of a 1-day multidisciplinary robot surgery training for novice robot surgeons. Journal of Robotic Surgery: 2019, 13(3), 435-447

  • 2017 de Vries AH, Schout BM, van Merriënboer JJ, Pelger RC, Koldewijn EL, Muijtjens AM, Wagner C. High educational impact of a national simulation-based urological curriculum including technical and non-technical skills. Surg Endosc. 2017

  • 2017 Brinkman W, de Angst I, Schreuder H, Schout B, Draaisma W, Verweij L, Hendrikx A, van der Poel H. Current training on the basics of robotic surgery in the Netherlands: Time for a multidisciplinary approach? Surg Endosc. 2017 Jan;31(1):281-287.

  • 2016 de Vries AH, Muijtjens AMM, van Genugten HGJ, Hendrikx AJM, Koldewijn EL, Schout BMA, van der Vleuten CPM, Wagner C, Tjiam IM, van Merriënboer JJG. Development and validation of the TOCO-TURBT tool: a summative assessment tool that measures surgical competency in transurethral resection of bladder tumour. Surg Endosc. 2018 Dec;32(12):4923-4931.

  • 2016 de Vries AH, Lesterhuis E, Verweij LM, Schout BM, van der Horst HJ, Leppink J, Koldewijn EL, Wagner C. High level of patient satisfaction and comfort during diagnostic urological procedures performed by urologists and residents. Scand J Urol. 2016 Jun;50(3):206-11.

  • 2016 de Vries AH, van Genugten HG, Hendrikx AJ, Koldewijn EL, Schout BM, Tjiam IM,  van Merriënboer JJ, Muijtjens AM, Wagner C. The Simbla TURBT Simulator in Urological Residency Training: From Needs Analysis to Validation. J Endourol. 2016 May;30(5):580-7.

  • 2016 van der Poel H, Brinkman W, van Cleynenbreugel B, Kallidonis P, Stolzenburg JU, Liatsikos E, Ahmed K, Brunckhorst O, Khan MS, Do M, Ganzer R, Murphy DG, Van Rij S, Dundee PE, Dasgupta P. Training in minimally invasive surgery in urology:  European Association of Urology/International Consultation of Urological Diseases consultation. BJU Int. 2016 Mar;117(3):515-30.

  • 2015 Brinkman WM, Schout BMA, Rietbergen JB, de Vries AH, van der Poel HG, Koldewijn EL, Witjes JA, van Merriënboer JJG. Training robotic surgery in urology: experience and opinions of robot urologists. Int J Med Robot. 2015 Sep;11(3):308-318.

  • 2015 de Vries AH, van Luijk SJ, Scherpbier AJ, Hendrikx AJ, Koldewijn EL, Wagner C, Schout BM. High acceptability of a newly developed urological practical skills training program. BMC Urol. 2015 Sep 4;15:93.

  • 2015 de Vries AH, Boute MC, Kuppen MC, van Merriënboer JJ, Koldewijn EL, Pelger RC, Schout BM, Wagner C. Patient Safety Risks of Basic Urological Procedures Performed by Junior and Senior Residents. J Surg Educ. 2015 Sep-Oct;72(5)

  • 2014 Brinkman WM, Tjiam IM, Schout BMA, Muijtens MM, Cleynenbreugel van B, Koldewijn EL, Witjes JA. Results of the european basic laparoscopic urological skills examination. Eur Urol 2014; 65(2):490-6.

  • 2014 Tjiam IM, Berkers CH, Schout BM, Brinkman WM, Witjes JA, Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM, Koldewijn EL. Evaluation of the educational value of a virtual reality TURP simulator according to a curriculum based approach. Simulation in healthcare. In press.

  • 2014 Tjiam IM, Persoon MC, Schout BMA, Hendrikx AJM. Aanbevelingen laparoscopie in de urologie. Hoofdstuk 7 Opleiding en training. Versie 2, 2014. In press.

  • 2014 Tjiam IM, Goossens RH, Schout BM, Koldewijn EL, Hendrikx AJ, Muijtjens AM, Scherpbier AJ, Witjes JA. Ergonomics in endourology and laparoscopy: an overview of musculoskeletal problems in urology. J Endourol. 2014 Feb 14. [Epub ahead of print]

  • 2013 Schout BMA, Vries de AH, Koldewijn EL, Rietbergen JBW, Pelger RCM, Merrienboer van JJG, Scherpbier AJJA, Wagner C, Hendrikx AJM. Rapport Training in Urology 1e Fase Implementatie 2012-2013: 40 uren project.

  • 2013 Persoon MC, Schout BMA, Gettman MT, Thiel DD. Book The comprehensive textbook of healthcare simulation. Chapter 24: Genitourinary surgery 2013. Springer New York.

  • 2013 Brinkman, Luursema, Kengen, Schout, Witjes, Bekkers. The da Vinci skills simulator for assessing learning curve and criterion-based training of robotic basic skills. Urology 2013;81(3):562-6.

  • 2012 Tjiam, Persoon, Schout, Hendrikx. Aanbevelingen laparoscopie in de urologie. Hoofdstuk 7 Opleiding en training. Versie 2, 2012. In press.

  • 2012 Tjiam IM, Schout BMA, Hendrikx AJM, Scherpbier AJJA, Witjes JA, Merrienboer van JJG.  Designing simulator-based training: An approach integrating Cognitive Task Analysis and 4-Component Instructional Design. Medical Teacher Med Teach. 2012;34(10):e698-707.

  • 2012 Tjiam IM, Schout BMA, Hendrikx AJM, Muijtjens AMM, Scherpbier AJJA, Witjes JA, Vleuten van der CPM. Program for Laparoscopic Urological Skills assessment: setting certification standards for residents. Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol. 2012 May 10.

  • 2012 Tjiam IM, Hendrikx AJM, Persoon MC, Muijtjens AMM, Witjes JA, Scherpbier AJJA.  The basic laparoscopic urological skills training: a newly developed and validated educational program. Urology, 2012 Apr;79(4): 815-20.

  • 2011 Persoon MC, van Putten K, Muijtjens AM, Witjes JA, Hendrikx AJ, Scherpbier AJ. Effect of distraction on the performance of endourological tasks: a randomized controlled trial. BJU Int. 2011 May;107(10):1653-7.

  • 2011 Persoon MC, Broos HJ, Witjes JA, Hendrikx AJ, Scherpbier AJ. The effect of  distractions in the operating room during endourological procedures. Surg Endosc. 2011 Feb;25(2):437-43.

  • 2010 Persoon MC, Schout BMA, Martens EJ, Tjiam IM, Tielbeek AV, Scherpbier AJJA, Witjes JA, Hendrikx AJM. A simulator for training trans rectal ultrasound procedure: how useful and realistic is it? Simul Healthc. 2010 Oct;5(5):311-4.

  • 2010 Persoon MC, Schout BMA, Muijtjens AMM, Hendrikx AJM, Witjes JA, Scherpbier AJJM. The effect of a low fidelity model on cystoscopic skill training: a single blinded randomized controlled trial. Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):213-8.

  • 2010 Schout BMA, Persoon MC, Martens EJ, Bemelmans BLH, Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM. Analysis of the pitfalls for trainees when performing transurethral procedures in the operating room. J Endourol. 2010 Apr;24(4):621-8.

  • 2010 Schout BMA, Ananias HJK, Bemelmans BLH, d’Ancona FCH, Muijtjens AMM, Dolmans VEMG, Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM. Transfer of Urethrocystoscopy Skills from a Virtual Reality Simulator to the Operating Room: a Randomized Controlled Trial. BJU Int Nov 12. [Epub ahead of print].

  • 2010 Wijn RPWF, Persoon MC, Schout BMA, Martens EJ, Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM. Virtual reality laparoscopic nephrectomy simulator is short of construct validity’. J Endourol. 2010 Jan;24(1):117-22.

  • 2010 Schout BMA, Hendrikx AJM, Scheele F, Bemelmans BLH, Scherpbier AJJA. Validation and implementation of surgical simulators: a critical review of present, past and future. SurgEndosc, 2010 Mar;24(3):536-46. Epub 2009 Jul 25. Review.

  • 2010 Schout BMA, Muijtjens AMM, Hendrikx AJM, Ananias HJK, Dolmans VEMG, Scherpbier AJJA, Bemelmans BLH. Acquisition of flexible cystoscopy skills on a virtual reality simulator by experts and novices. BJU Int2010 Jan;105(2):234-9. Epub 2009 Jul 6.

  • 2010 Schout B, Beerlage H, Rietbergen J, Scherpbier A, Hendrikx A. Implementatie van structurele skillstraining in de opleiding tot uroloog. Urograaf. 2010;8:7.

  • 2009 Schout BMA, Bemelmans BLH, Martens EJ, Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM. How Useful and Realistic is the Virtual Reality Simulator the Uro Trainer for Training the Transurethral Prostate (TURP) and Bladder Tumor Resection (TURBT) Procedures? J Urol. 2009; 181(3):1297-303.

  • 2009 Dolmans VEMG, Schout BMA, de Beer NAM, Bemelmans BLH, Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM. The Virtual Reality Endourologic Simulator Is Realistic and Useful for Educational Purposes.J Endourol. 2009; 23(7):1175-81.

  • 2009 Persoon MC, Scherpbier AJJA, Oei SG, Meijerink WJHJ, Schijven MP, Schout BMA, Beerlage HP, Hendrikx AJM. Fundamentals of LaparoscopicSurgery: Leren opereren zonder patiënt. NTVG 2008, 52: B22.

  • 2008 Schout BMA, Dolmans VEMG, Bemelmans BLH, Schoot B.C., Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM. Teaching diagnostic and therapeutic procedures of bladder pathology using a newly developed pig bladder model. J Endourol. 2008 Nov;22(11):2547-53.

  • 2008 Schout BMA, Dolmans VEMG, Hendrikx AJM, Brouwer T, Scherpbier AJJA, Schijven MP, Bemelmans BLH. Is endoscopic-skills training in a skills laboratory necessary? Perceptions of urology programme directors in the Netherlands. BJU Int. 2008 Nov;102(10):1362-3.

  • 2008 Schout BMA, Hendrikx AJM, Scherpbier AJJA, Bemelmans BLH. Update on Training Models in Endourology: A Qualitative Systematic Review of the Literature between January 1980 and April 2008. EurUrol. 2008 Dec;54(6):1247-61. Epub 2008 Jun 25.

  • 2008 Hendrikx A, Bemelmans B, Schout B. Training in de urologie: “virtual reality” in plaats van meester-gezel? Urograaf 2008;(3): 2-3

  • 2008 Schijven MP, Schout BMA, Dolmans VEMG, Hendrikx AJM, Broeders IAMJ, Borel Rinkes IHM. Perceptions of surgical specialists in general surgery, orthopaedic surgery, urology and gynaecology on teaching endoscopic surgery in The Netherlands. SurgEndosc. 2008 Feb;22(2):472-82.

bottom of page